The Research Paper Center


Nursing and Allied Health Topics:

Violence in the Healthcare Workplace


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Information for Research Papers, Reports, Essays, Presentations, and Speeches

Research has become a valued part of many nursing school programs with nursing students needing to present a variety of presentations and research papers on a variety of topics. Another somewhat recent development is more demand on students to find a special type of credible information called evidence-based practice information/articles. There are different levels of evidence-based practice information. A variety of sources are listed on the "Nursing and Allied Health Topics" web page to help Nursing and Allied Health students find credible peer-reviewed journal articles, including articles based on evidence-based practice. It seems that a majority of Nursing and Allied Health classes ask the students to cite according the APA Manual SIXTH EDITION, so the articles listed on the various Nursing and Allied Health Topics web pages will be presented according to the the American Psychological Association Manual.

Violence in the Healthcare Workplace

Workplace violence has been an issue in a variety of places of employment for many years. The healthcare workplace is not immune to violence in different forms by different people.


IF the links do not connect to the article, then use Google Scholar to type the title of the article in order to connect to the full-text of the article.

The following articles are cited according to APA Manual 6th edition.



Chang, H.E., & Cho, S.H. (2016). Workplace violence and job outcomes of newly licensed nurses.

  Asian Nursing Research, 10(4): 271-276

"Verbal abuse was most prevalent (59.6%), followed by threats of violence (36.9%), physical violence (27.6%), bullying (25.6%), and sexual harassment (22.4%). Approximately three quarters of the nurses had experienced at least one type of violence. The main perpetrators were patients and nurse colleagues, although the distribution of perpetrators varied depending on the type of violence. Bullying had a significant relationship with all four job outcomes (job satisfaction, burnout, commitment to the workplace, and intent to leave), while verbal abuse was associated with all job outcomes except for intent to leave. Violence perpetrated by nurse colleagues had a significant relationship with all four job outcomes, while violence by physicians had a significant inverse relationship with job satisfaction."

This journal article can be found at:



Edward, K.L., Stephenson, J., Ousey, K., Lui, S., Warelow, P., & Giandinoto, J.A. (2016). A systematic review and meta-analysis of factors that relate to aggression


perpetrated against nurses by patients/relatives or staff. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 25(3-4): 289-99

This IS a high level evidence-based article. The authors did a literature review and analyzed many studies/papers.

"The aim of this meta-analysis was to identify the factors that related to aggression (verbal abuse or physical abuse/assault) perpetrated against the nurse or other health professionals by patients/relatives or staff. In the light of the paucity of systematic reviews on this common issue in nursing, the objective was to present a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of these papers."

This article can be located at:



Embree, J.L., Bruner, D.A., & White, A. (2013). Raising the level of awareness of nurse-to-nurse lateral violence in a critical access hospital.

  Nursing Research and Practice, 2013:207306

"Nurse-to-nurse lateral violence (NNLV) has been internationally reported for greater than two decades and results in new nurse turnover and serious negative outcomes."

"Nursing must be compelled to reduce nurse-to-nurse lateral violence. Nurse executives must be exemplars for affirmative culture change in healthcare facilities. As organizations are continually challenged to improve quality, decrease expenses, improve efficiencies, and enhance nursing excellence, it becomes increasingly important to improve nurse-to-nurse interactions. The project provided nursing dialogue for contentious situations ina CAH. Post-survey participants described recognizing their personal displays of NNLV and intervened when witnessing lateral violence in other nurses."

The entire journal article is located at:




Fasanya, B.K., & Daga, E.A. (2016). Workplace violence and safety issues in long-term medical

  care facilities: nurses' perspectives. Safety and Health at Work,7(2): 97-101.

"Workplace violence (WPV) is becoming an issue that needs immediate attention in the United States, especially during this period as more states are adopting the "stand your ground laws to promote worker protection." This study was conducted to investigate how WPV has contributed to an unsafe environment for nurses and nursing assistants who work in long-term medical care facilities."

"We found that 65% of the participants had experienced WPV while 41% believed that management shows little or no concern for their safety. Approximately 23% of respondents believed that reporting supervisor's WPV act is an unsafe action. In addition, 22% of those who reported that they have experienced WPV believed that the work environment is not safe to perform their duties. This significant difference in perception of workplace safety between those who had experienced WPV and those who had not was significant (t = 3.95, df = 158, p < 0.0001)."

Safety and Health at Work is a peer-reviewed journal.

This journal article can be found at:


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